- The number of British nationals emigrating to other EU countries has risen by 30% since the Brexit referendum in 2016, to a level akin to a country experiencing “economic or political crisis”. Statistics from the OECD and Eurostat show that migration from the UK to EU countries rose from 56,382 people per year between 2008 to 2015, to 73,642 a year between 2016 and 2018.
- Statistics also show a 500% increase in UK citizens who have taken up citizenship in other EU countries. Germany saw the biggest rise of 2,000%, with 31,600 UK citizens having naturalised there since 2016.
- Commentators have stated that Brexit had been the “by far the most dominant driver of migration decisions since 2016.” Although the withdrawal agreement signed in January enshrines, residency, work and social rights of EU citizens in the UK and Britons in the bloc, it fails to guarantee the free movement rights which gives EU citizens the right to live, work, and settle in other member states without applying for residency there. This means UK citizens will no longer have the same freedoms to live and work in the EU as they do now.
- Experts have warned that this exodus could result in a “brain drain” of citizens as they settle in continental Europe.
Extra paperwork required by Brexit will raise UK supermarkets’ cost of operating in Northern Ireland – which could result in supermarkets pulling out – Bloomberg
- From Jan. 1, animal products transported from the rest of Britain will require export health certificates. The forms will cost an estimated 200 pounds ($260) per product, according to the Northern Ireland Retail Consortium. With a refrigerated truck typically carrying about 200 different lines, the requirement could add 40,000 pounds to the cost of every shipment across the Irish Sea.
- The added paperwork is necessary because Northern Ireland will be bound by the EU’s customs rules after Dec. 31, meaning it will have to apply the bloc’s standards on animal health while the rest of the U.K. will not.
- This poses a problem for most grocers, ranging from Tesco Plc to Marks & Spencer Group Plc, because much of the stock in their Northern Irish stores comes from the rest of the U.K. With profit margins already slender, the higher costs could prompt some retailers to turn their back on the province.
- Supermarkets have indicated that if business becomes unviable, they may not be able to continue.